After the floods passed through the Huacas of the Moche people, the Moche moved a few Kilometers to the coast where they are believed to have merged with the people of the mountains, the Ware. This fusion lead to the construction of Chan Chan, a metropolis of ten adobe palaces which sit along the beach. The kingdom was constructed around 850 AD and still stands between Trujillo and Huanchaco.

IMG_4750
View from the Base of la Montana Segrada Sacred Mountain of the Moche People. Here still stands their temples: La Huaca del Sol y La Huaca de la Luna

According to legend, the city of Chan Chan was first ruled by Takaynamo. This king came and went in a roar of social praise and adoration. He was the first to bring order to the people who inhabited the region. Previously, the grounds were home to a blend of natives.

IMG_4376 (1)
A part of the central Palace which sits close to the Seaside

Both the decedents of the Moche people with the Ware people, who had migrated from the surrounding mountains, the two merged under the new King to develop the land and build the city of Chan Chan. With the construction of the first palace, Palacio Tschudy, Chan Chan soon became a center of attraction as it sat closest to the ocean and sourced fish. The palace included a market center, a meeting place where diplomats would gather to discuss political and military advancements, and the King`s lair.

IMG_3898
Palomo shows off his handmade models of the Caballitos de Totora – First used by the Moche cerca 200 A.D.
IMG_4387
The relief can be found outside of the city market. It depicts waves outlined by fish and the çGuanay`bird who can dive to the bottom

During the rule of Takaynamo, the people thrived. They had advanced as a society which incorporated characteristics of both the Moche and the Ware. Together traditions of the Moche such as ceramic molds, relief sculptures, and fishing techniques met architectural advancements from the Ware`s single-storied buildings.

At the time of Takaynamo’s death, the people of Chan Chan celebrated his life with an enormous parade which marched thorugh the streets. His tomb is locked within a Palace, and at his side lay relics and forty bodies of his concubines.

IMG_4474
Left to Right: Avenida Mansiche, Palaces of Chan Chan, Pacific Ocean: This is a birds-eye view of the Kingdom of Chan Chan.

IMG_4453

Chan Chan flourished as the Capital of the Chimu until it was weakened by El Nino once again and then overtaken by the Incas around 1470 AD.

The Spanish conquistadors soon followed as Francisco Pizzaro founded the city of Trujillo in 1535. During the construction of Trujillo, Chan Chan was abandoned and the adobe fortress was left to the mercy of the rains.

Today, attention to the ruins is steadily increasing, and preservation of the Ruins have gained importance within the Province of La Libertad and across Peru. Unfortunately, no matter how focused the effort to preserve Chan Chan may be, it still remains at the mercy of the rains of El Nino, just as it has for the past 2000 years.

So how is it that these Ancient ruins are just now being uncovered? You can blame the Spanish says the tour guide. The Spanish pillaged for gold and then left the ruins to dissolve with the rains once again as they had with the Moche.

 

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s