El Caballo de Paso

El Caballo de Paso is a breed of horses that is known around the world for its many special qualities, the most unique is its dance in four part time. They move to the rhythm of PACA-PACA-PACA.

Historically, these horses were brought by the Spanish with Francisco Pizzaro in 1532. As recorded in documents from the time of colonization, the specific breed of horse was a mix of Galician, Andalucian, and Morrocan breeds.

During colonization, the Spaniards took over the Incan Empire in one fowl swoop by sword on horseback. The native Incan Empire stood no chance against their strong force. Subsequently, as land was taken over, Spanish Estate holders claimed land and built enormous plantations to send good such as Cane Sugar back to Europe.


The mixed breed that was brought with the Spaniards adapted to the new, harsher environment.These horses were trained to travel the long distance of the sugar cane fields through soft sand and soil developing agility and strength. The horse developed its shape and physique and succeeded the skills its Spanish ancestors.

El Caballo de Paso has been protected for 400 years and is now protected under National Law.

Northern Peru has been considered the main haven of the Caballo de Paso. Trujillo holds the National Championship of the Caballo de Paso in September. The competition involves Caballos de Paso carrying men dressed in traditional cloaks and women stepping with the beat of the horse holfs. Together they dance the Marinera, the national dance of Peru. I suggest googling it if you have never seen it before.

Further Reading:

Por Redazione. “El Caballo De Paso Peruano.”Investigación Y Análisis Sobre América Latina Y La Unión Europea – Panorámica. N.p., 24 Aug. 2015. Web. 27 June 2017.

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