Historical Site

Atahaulpa, Los Banos, and Spanish Acquisition of the Inca Empire

Cajamarca, Peru. November 15, 1532 – Francisco Pizzaro had reached the new world and was making his way through the North of the Inca Empire demanding every Viceroy to surrender to Spain and the Catholic Church or die.

Meanwhile, the entire Inca Empire was in turmoil as their Emporer, Huanay Capac and his heir had suddenly died from infectious disease brought by the Spanish conquistadors in 1527. King Atahaulpa and his Brother, Huascar were given power over the Empire; Atahualpa had control of the North, Huascar the south.

The arrangement did not last long, and the two regions went to war. Huascar Captured Atahualpa and upon his escape, retreated to the north to regain forces and seek revenge. At the Battle of Quipaipan Atahualpa captured his brother and called all leaders of the South to Cusco and slaughtered them.

La Sierra

Within just a few months of his taking over of the Empire, however, Pizzaro worked his way into the story as he took over the Inca in the City of Cajamarca, Peru.

Upon killing his brother and slaughtering his followeres, Atahualpa had made camp at Cajamarca and built a stronghold with one of the largest Plazas of the Empire. He commanded an army of approximately 80,000 men. Cajamarca was his haven, resting in the valley of the Sierra of Cajamarca.


Upon arrival, the Spanish strategically set camp in the city center, and sent out viceroys to send thier blessing and arrange a meeting with Atahualpa and Pizzaro.

They found the Emperor surrounded by nobles, adorned in gold, submerged in his *infamous* hot baths. He did not fear the Spaniards, nor their horses and arms.


An arrangement was set, and an agreement was made. Atahualpa offered to fill one room, El Cuarto Rescate, of Gold, and another of Silver in return for his freedom. Sadly upon *acquiring* and melting down the enormous amount of Gold and Silver, he uncovered the supply which the Spaniards desperately demanded. Atahualpa and his Empire could not stand against the greed of the Spanish Conquest.

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